May 20, 1999 Fortran Information File

May 20, 1999 Fortran Information File As Submitted to comp.fortran.90 by Michael Metcalf

 * Information file, on compilers, tools, books, courses, tutorials, *
 * and the standard for the Fortran language and its derivatives.    *
 *                                                                   *
 * Additional information on Fortran products is available on the    *
 * World Wide Web at the URLs and     *
 *                                       *


            Since 20 April:
              Update Cray and SGI entries to Forran 95.
              Update Lahey's entry.
              Update Compaq e-addresses.
              Add Alan Miller's source form converter.

            Since 23 March:
              Add "The DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide".
              Add Fortran 95 standard electronic ordering information.
              Update Compaq (Digital) entry for Linux.

            Since 22 February:
              Update Wagener's book entry.
              Update Sun's entry.
              Delete Meissner's e-book.
              Add advice on dowloading Dubois's lecture notes.
              Replace IBM's entry - for Fortran 95 compliance etc.
              Replace Fujitsu's entry - for Fortran 95 compliance etc.
              Add Lahey/Fujitsu version of f90gl.


Absoft sells its native version of Cray's CF90 for the Power Macintosh.
It also has, among others, "Pro Fortran v6.0 for Windows", a complete
workbench for PC users, ( or A
parallelizing version for PCs and a Linux/x86 version are available.

ACE of Holland provides f90 and HPF for Parsytec PowerPC-based machines

Apogee's f90 compiler is highly optimized for SPARC architectures
( or

Compaq has Digital Fortran, an optimizing compiler for Digital UNIX Alpha
systems that includes both HPF and directed decomposition directives for
SMPs (parallel execution of HPF programs requires an optional companion
product, the Parallel Software Environment), and Digital Fortran for
OpenVMS Alpha (supports HPF syntax). These include all features in
Fortran 95. For Windows NT (Intel, Alpha) and Windows 95 (Intel)
there is Digital Visual Fortran (95), which includes Developer Studio from
Microsoft. Compaq is also porting its Tru64 UNIX Alpha Fortran compiler
along with the associated runtime libraries to Linux (Alpha) later in
1999. Contact or

Cray Research has a fully-optimizing, native Fortran 95 compiler that is
being marketed by them for the CRAY J90, C90, T90, T3E and SV1 systems.
It supports automatic parallization and OpenMP. In addition, Cray
resells PGI's HPF compiler, for these same systems.
( and hpf.html)

EPC has optimizing, native compilers for Windows NT, x86, Sun, RS/6000,
SGI and MIPS (,,
HPF is available. In Japan, contact SofTek Systems, Inc. (see below).

Fujitsu has a Fortran 95 compiler for the platforms Solaris 2.3 or later
and Windows NT/95/98, and highly optimized, native Fortran 90 compilers,
Fortran90/VP and Fortran90/VPP, for the Fujitsu VPP series. Contact: or

HP has collaborated with EPC to produce an optimizing compiler for HP-UX
and SPP-UX platforms; see

IBM has an optimizing, native compiler for the RS/6000, xlf90. HPF is
available too. See

IBM XL Fortran for AIX Version 6.1 supports the Fortran 95 standard.
XLF is a highly optimized, native compiler designed to exploit the
RS/6000 symmetric multi-processing (SMP) architecture as well as
providing support for 64-bit pointers and addressability for serial
and SMP codes. XLF V6.1 provides additional support for the OpenMP
Fortran API, exploits the new IBM POWER3 architecture, and provides
a technical preview of the new IBM Distributed Debugger. For more

Imagine1 Inc offers F, the subset language for Unix, Windows and Macintosh
PowerPC, some in highly optimizing versions. They hope F will be the true
stepping stone to HPF and at the same time replace Basic, Pascal and C for
teaching purposes. The version for Linux/x86 is free. See and the book section below.

Lahey/Fujitsu Fortran 95 is produced by the Lahey/Fujitsu alliance.
LF95 is available in three configurations: LF95 Express, LF95 Standard, and
LF95 PRO. All three configurations feature: VAX, IBM, and POSIX language
extensions, Visual C++, Visual Basic, and Delphi compatibility, Y2K runtime

checking, etc. The Standard system includes a Fortran-smart Windows editor,

a debugger, an AUTOMAKE make utility, and an enhanced Winteracter Starter
kit for creating true Windows programs with Fortran, and a Coverage
Analysis Tool that detects unexecuted code and performs range of operation
checking. The PRO system includes Fujitsu^\xd2s Visual Analyzer that
displays the call structure and logic flow of Fortran source code
( or There is also elf90, a subset
language without old features like storage association that is designed for
teaching, and is very cheap. It can be downloaded free from the Web site.

Microway NDP Fortran 90 for 386/486 and Pentium is available
( In Japan, contact SofTek Systems, Inc. (see below).

NAG provides a compiler for most unix platforms, VMS and PCs (including
Linux/x86 and Alpha). This was the first f90 compiler, in 1991. The
unix and Linux ports have now been updated to Fortran 95. An optimizing
version produced in collaboration with ACE (see above) for Suns is
available. The NAGWare f90 Tools are a suite of Fortran 90 tools that,
among other things, perform F77 to f90 conversion. (, or

NA Software supplies Fortran 90 Plus on PCs (including Windows 95 and
Linux/x86), Sparc, and T800 transputers. There is a cheap student version
available. They also supply an F77 to f90 syntax convertor, LOFT90, and as
well as HPF (

NEC has released a native, optimizing Fortran90 compiler, FORTRAN90/SX,
with an automatic vectorization and parallelization capability, for its
supercomputer SX series (

PSR's VAST/f90 compiler for unix, VMS and Convex includes a vectorizer.
PSR supplies VAST/77to90, to convert FORTRAN 77 programs into Fortran 90
syntax, as well as VAST/HPF ( or
An f90/95/HPF compiler for linux/x86 is free for personal use.

PGI has a Fortran 90/HPF compiler for SGI, IBM SP2, HP/Convex, and
Sun Ultra, as well as a native F90/HPF compiler for Intel-based
Linux/Solaris86/NT workstations and servers.  The latter supports
auto-parallelization, native OpenMP parallelization, and HPF
parallelization ( or

Salford Software markets a Fortran 95 compiler for PCs, including Windows
95 and NT. A cheap student version is available:
or or
In Japan, contact SofTek Systems, Inc. (see below).

SGI has the MIPSpro Fortran 95 compiler (which now uses the Cray front
end) available for all SGI IRIX systems.  It can be configured with an
optional Auto Parallelizing Option (APO) product to do automatic
parallelization of Fortran code. It supports OpenMP.

SofTech has a licence to sell its own versions of DEC's HPF/f90 compiler.

SofTek Systems, Inc. is a provider of a wide variety of HPF compilers,
tools, and technical expertise. See either or Tel: 81-3-3412-6008, fax: 81-3-3412-7990.

Sun has an f90 product, Sun Performance WorkShop Fortran 5.0,
( or tel.
1-800-SUNSOFT). For Sun's HPF, based on Thinking Machine's "GlobalWorks",
see Details of Sun's public-domain Fortran
preprocessor are available at


Bradly Associates supplies the GINO and GINOMENU range of GUI and
Graphics libraries for Win32, Unix and OpenVMS with an F90 binding.
More information at

I.S.S. supplies Winteracter, a Win32 Fortran 90 user interface and
graphics development tool. See

FORCHECK is a static analyzer for Fortran programs. It analyses both the
individual program units and the whole program. It optionally verifies the
syntax for conformance to the Fortran 90 standard, and provides warnings
on undefined and unreferenced syntax items, inconsistent argument lists,
and much more. FORCHECK generates documentation, such as cross-reference
tables. See

HPF is available not only as listed above, but also on the definitive
list of sites to be found at See also

A source form convertor, convert.f90, is obtainable by ftp from in the directory /pub/MandR. Latest version is 1.5.

Another is Alan Miller's to_f90.f90 at

A 2- and 3-D OpenGL graphics interface, f90gl, for Unix and Windows 95/NT,
is obtainable at Latest version is 1.1. A
compatible with Lahey/Fujitsu Fortran 95 (LF95) and Lahey Fortran 90 (LF90)
is available at

A free set of wrapper routines to call a subset of Xlib routines from
Fortran 90 is available from Garnatz and Grovender, Inc.:,, or

NAG (see above) and IMSL (now Visual Numerics,
offer f90 versions of their maths libraries that take full advantage of
the language's library building capabilities.

An f90 mode is included in the official Emacs distribution (GNU
Emacs-19.28/XEmacs-19.13 or later).

For make files, a perl5 script, which behaves like an X11 makedepend
program (it edits an existing Makefile) and recursively searches
include files for more dependencies, is available from Kate Hedstrom:
For a makemake perl script:

FORESYS (FORtran Engineering SYStem) is an integrated set of tools
designed for engineers in charge of developing, maintaining and upgrading
programs written in Fortran. It is suited for, among other things,
migrating applications from Fortran 77 to Fortran 90. See Simulog below.

Polyhedron Software's plusFORT Version 6.0 has comprehensive facilities
for translation of Fortran 77 and VAX Fortran to Fortran 90.  A new
Windows front-end is available for the NT version. A major feature is
AUTOMAKE, which automatically detects Fortran 90 module dependencies.,

A F90 source for a f90split utility is at  See also and to get an
F90 to PostScript list program and an F90 aware pre-processor similar to
cpp, but with pretty-printing for the pre-processed code.

Fortran90-lint, for Fortran 90 program analysis, also other tools, from

The C2F.ZIP file is available via
It contains C2F.EXE, a C=>F90 "hands-off" translator program for Win95/NT.

Some coding and style guidelines have been developed by the European

f90SQL offers a convenient and familiar way to directly read and
write data from your Fortran programs to many applications formats.
See info about the library at

WHAT BOOKS ARE AVAILABLE? [** = from stock at]


  Advanced Scientific Computing - Wille, Wiley, 1995, ISBN 0471-95383-0.

**Atlas for Computing Mathematical Functions ... in Fortran 90 and
  Mathematica - Thompson, Wiley, 1997, 0-471-18171-4.

**Contemporary Computing for Technical Engineers and Scientists: using
  Fortran 90 and spreadsheets - Forsythe, PWS, 1997, 0-534-93139-1.

  essential Fortran 90 and 95 - Meissner, Unicomp, 1997,
  ISBN 0-9640135-3-3.

**Fortran 90 - Meissner, PWS Kent, Boston, 1995, ISBN 0-534-93372-6.

  Fortran 90 - Huddleston, Exchange Publ. Div., Buffalo, NY, 1996,
  ISBN 0-945261-07-1.

**Fortran 90 and Engineering Computation - Schick and Silverman, John
  Wiley, 1994, ISBN 0-471-58512-2.

**Fortran 90, A Reference Guide - Chamberland, Prentice Hall PTR, 1995,
  ISBN 0-13-397332-8.

**Fortran 90 Concise Reference - Wagener, Absoft, 1998,
  ISBN 0-9670066-0-0.

**Fortran 90/95 Explained - Metcalf and Reid, Oxford University Press,
  1996, ISBN 0-19-851888-9, about $33. This book is a complete, audited
  description of the Fortran 90 and Fortran 95 languages in a more
  readable style than the standards themselves. It incorporates all J3
  and WG5's interpretations and has a complete chapter on Fortran 95.
  It has seven Appendices, including an extended example program that is
  available by ftp and solutions to exercises. For US orders: or toll free 1-800-451-7556; in the UK:
  There are f90 versions in French, Japanese and Russian (see below).

**Fortran 90 for Engineers and Scientists - Nyhoff and Leestma,
  Prentice Hall, 1996, ISBN 0-13-519729-5. An 'Introduction to ....'
  also exists: 1996, ISBN 0-13-505215-7.

  Fortran 90 for Scientists and Engineers - Brian D. Hahn, Edward
  Arnold, 1994, ISBN 0-340-60034-9.

  Fortran 90/95 for Scientists and Engineers - Chapman, McGraw-Hill,
  1997, ISBN 0-07-011938-4.

**Fortran 90 Programming - Ellis, Philips, Lahey, Addison Wesley,
  Wokingham, 1994, ISBN 0-201-54446-6.

  Fortran 95 - Counihan, UCL, 1997, 185728367-8.

  Fortran 95 Handbook - Adams, Brainerd, Martin, Smith and Wagener,
  MIT, 1997, ISBN 0-262-51096-0.

  Fortran 95 Language Guide - Gehrke, Springer, London, 1996,
  ISBN 3-540-76062-8.

**Introducing Fortran 90 - Chivers and Sleightholme, Springer-Verlag
  London, 1995, ISBN 3-540-19940-3.

  Introduction to Fortran 90/95 - Chapman, McGraw-Hill, 1997, ISBN

  Introduction to Fortran 90/95, Algorithms, and Structured Programming,
  Part 1: Introduction to Fortran 90, Part 2: Algorithms and Fortran 90.
  R. Vowels: 93 Park Drive, Parkville 3052, Victoria, AUSTRALIA,
  ( $43 Aust with disk, ISBN 0-9596384-8-2.

  Introduction to Fortran 90 for Scientific Computing - Ortega, Saunders
  College Publishing, 1994, ISBN 0-030010198-0.

  Key Features of F - Adams, Brainerd, Martin and Smith, 1996, ISBN
  0-9640135-2-5, Unicomp.

**Numerical Recipes in Fortran 90: The Art of Parallel Scientific
  Computing, Volume 2 of Fortran Numerical Recipes - Press, Teukolsky,
  Vetterling and Flannery, Cambridge U. Press, ISBN 0-521-57439-0, 1996.
  Code can be downloaded (purchased) from
  A CDROM is also available (see Web site).

**Problem solving with Fortran 90: for scientists and engineers -
  Brooks, 1997, Springer, 0-387-98229-9.

  Programmer's Guide to F - Brainerd, Goldberg and Adams, 1996, ISBN
  0-9640135-1-7, Unicomp.

**Programmer's Guide to Fortran 90, third edition - Brainerd, Goldberg
  and Adams, Springer, 1996, ISBN 0-387-94570-9.

  Programming in F - Ellis and Philips, Addison Wesley, Wokingham,
  1998, ISBN 0-201-17991-1.

  Programming in Fortran 90 - Morgan and Schonfelder, Alfred Waller/
  McGraw-Hill, Oxfordshire, 1993, ISBN 1-872474-06-3.

**Programming in Fortran 90 - I.M. Smith, Wiley, ISBN 0471-94185-9.

  The DIGITAL Visual Fortran Programmer's Guide, ISBN 1-55558-218-4,
  April, 1999.

  The F Language Guide - Gehrke, Springer, London, 1997,
  ISBN 3-540-7615-9.

  The F Programming Language - Metcalf and Reid, Oxford University Press,
  1996, ISBN 0-19-850026-2, about $33. This book is the definitive
  description of the F programming language - a carefully crafted subset
  of Fortran 90 that is highly regular and stripped of Fortran's older,
  dangerous features, but retains the powerful array language, data
  abstraction and pointers. It has six Appendices, including an extended
  example program that is available by ftp and solutions to exercises.
  Orders: or toll free 1-800-451-7556; UK:

**Upgrading to Fortran 90 - Redwine, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1995,
  ISBN 0-387-97995-6.


  Programming Language Fortran 90 - He Xingui, Xu Zuyuan, Wu Qingbao and
  Chen Mingyuan, China Railway Publishing House, Beijing,
  ISBN 7-113-01788-6/TP.187, 1994.


  Fortran 90 - W.S. Brainerd, Ch.H. Goldberg, and J.C. Adams, translated
  by J.M. den Haan, Academic Service, 1991, ISBN 90 6233 722 8.


  Fortran 90 - Haataja, Rahola and Ruokolainen, Center for Scientific
  Computing (Finland), 1996, 286 pages, ISBN 952-9821-33-6.
  WWW version:


  Fortran 90; Approche par la Pratique - Lignelet, S\xe9rie Informatique
  \xc9ditions, Menton, 1993, ISBN 2-090615-01-4.

  Fortran 90.  Les concepts fondamentaux, the translation of "Fortran
  90 Explained" M. Metcalf, J. Reid, translated by M. Caillet and
  B. Pichon, AFNOR, Paris, ISBN 2-12-486513-7.

  Fortran 90; Initiation \xe1 partir du Fortran 77 - Aberti, S\xe9rie
  Informatique Editions, Menton, 1992, ISBN 2-090615-00-6.

  Les sp\xe9cificit\xe9s du Fortran 90, Dubbesset, M. et Vignes, J.,
  \xc9ditions Technip, 1993. ISBN 2-7108-0652-5.

  Manuel complet du langage Fortran 90, et guide d^\xd2application,
  Lignelet, P., S.I. editions, Jan. 1995. ISBN 2-909615-02-2

  Manuel Complet du Langage Fortran 90 et Fortran 95, Calcul
  intensif et Genie Logiciel, Lignelet (Masson
  \xc9ditions, Paris; ISBN: 2-225-85229-4).

  Programmer en Fortran 90, Delannoy, C., Eyrolles, 1992,
  ISBN 2-212-08723-3

  Traitement des donn\xe9es numeriques avec Fortran 90, Olagnon M.,
  Masson, 1996, ISBN 2-225-85259-6.

  Savez-vous parler Fortran, AIN, M., Biblioth\xe8que des universit\xe9s
  (de Boeck), 1994. ISBN 2-8041-1755-3.

  Structures des donn\xe9es (et leurs algorithmes) en Fortran 90/95,
  P. Lignelet, Les \xc9ditions Masson, Paris, ISBN 2-225-85373-8.


  Fortran 90 Lehrbuch - Rabenstein, Hanser, 1995, ISBN 3-446-18235-7.

  Die Programmiersprache F - Gehrke, Springer-Verlag, ISBN 3-540-63376-6.

  Fortran 90 - B.Wojcieszynski and R.Wojcieszynski, Addison-Wesley, 1993,
  ISBN 3-89319-600-5.

  Fortran 90: eine informelle Einf\xfchrung - Heisterkamp,
  BI-Wissenschaftsverlag, 1991, ISBN 3-411153-210.

  Fortran 90, Lehr- und Arbeitsbuch f\xfcr das erfolgreiche Programmieren -
  W.S. Brainerd, C.H. Goldberg, and J.C. Adams, translated by P. Thomas
  and K. Paul, R. Olbenbourg Verlag, Muenchen, 1994, ISBN 3-486-22102-7.

  Fortran 90 Lehr- und Handbuch - T. Michel, BI-Wissenschaftsverlag, 1994.

  Fortran 90 Referenz-Handbuch: der neue Fortran-Standard - Gehrke,
  Carl Hansen Verlag, 1991, ISBN 3-446163-21-2.

  Programmierung in Fortran 90 - Schobert, Oldenburg, 1991.

  Programmierung mit Fortran 90 - B\xe4umer, Vieweg, Braunschweig, 1997,
  ISBN 3-528-05208-2.

  Programmieren in Fortran - Erasmus Langer, Springer-Verlag, Wien,
  New York, 1993. ISBN 3-211-82446-4, 0-387-82446-4.

  Software Entwicklung in Fortran 90 - \xdcberhuber and Meditz, Springer
  Verlag, 1993, ISBN 0-387-82450-2.


  Fortran 90 Explained - Metcalf and Reid, translated by H. Nisimura,
  H. Wada, K. Nishimura, M. Takata, Kyoritsu Shuppan Co., Ltd., 1993,
  ISSN 0385-6984.


   An Explanation of the Fortran 90 Programming Language (translation of
   Fortran 90 Explained - Metcalf and Reid), translated P. Gorbounov,
   Mir, Moscow, 1995, ISBN 5-03-001426-8. Available also from

   FORTRAN 77 to Fortran 90 Tutorial - Einarsson and Shokin, Russian
   Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 1995, ISBN 5-85826-013-6.


    Fortran 90 - en introduktion - Blom, Studentlitteratur, Lund, 1994,
    ISBN 91-44-47881-X.


Copyright but freely available course material is available
on the World Wide Web from the URLs:

     Paul Dubois's lecture notes and class materials on "Object Based
     Programming in Fortran 90" at
     (In WinZip, on the Options
Configuration menu, turn off "tar smart
     convert CR/LF".)

     Manchester Computer Centre:
     or via ftp:, in the directory /pub/mantec/Fortran90.

     U. of Liverpool: - covers
     f90 and HPF, with Java-enhanced Web pages.

     CERN: or via anonymous ftp
     from in the directory cnl as the file

     In French: Support de cours Fortran 90 IDRIS - Corde & Delouis (from

     U. of Edinburgh (on HPF): http://

     Linkoping U.:

     U. of New Mexico:

Courses are available from:

   Walt Brainerd, a former member of J3, also on HPF (

   Tom Lahey (

   PSR (see above).

   Michael Metcalf, formerly of CERN, Switzerland, and an ex-member of
   J3 and WG5, offers a Fortran 90 course that lasts for six 75-minute
   sessions. There is an F version too. He is happy to negotiate holding
   either version anywhere in the world. These courses are suitable for
   graduates, or equivalent level, and are a useful way to 'kick-start'
   a Fortran 90 or an F activity at a given site. Contact, or K\xe4rntner Ring 10, A-1010 Vienna,
   Austria, (tel. +43.1.503.79.40, fax. +43.1.503.11.45).

   John Reid, formerly of J3 and a member of WG5, offers a Fortran 90
   course. He is happy to negotiate holding it anywhere in the world.
   It is suitable for graduates, or equivalent level, and is a useful
   way to 'kick-start' a Fortran 90 activity at a given site.

European companies offering courses and conversion consultancy are:

   The Computing Centre of Delft University of Technology organises
   courses on Fortran 90 elements for beginning programmers or an
   upgrade for Fortran 77 programmers. Courses can be given in English,
   Dutch, French, or German. See or Phone: +31 15 278 2000, fax: +31 15 278 3787.

      IT Independent Training Limited,
      2 Windlebrook Green, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK
                   tel. +44 1344 860172   fax. +44 1344 867992

      Salford Software (see above);

      Simulog, attn. Mr. E. Plestan,
      1 rue James Joule, F-78286 Guyancourt Cedex, France
                   tel: +33 1 30 12 27 80   fax: +33 1 30 12 27 27,,

      Allgemeiner Software Service
      Prinz-Otto Str.7c, D-85521 Ottobrunn, Germany
      Tel: +49-89-6083758   Fax: +49-89-60851437
        E-mail:, URL:

A Japanese company offering courses and conversion consultancy is:

      SofTek Systems, Inc. (see above).


The Fortran 95 standard document is available from ISO, and replaces
Fortran 90. The document ref
erence number is ISO/IEC 1539-1:1997. See, or contact

   ISO Publications, 1 rue de Varembe, Case postale 56
          CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland
          Fax. + 41 22 734 10 79

It may also be obtained from national member bodies such as

          ANSI, 1430 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10018

The Fortran 95 standard is also available for online ordering in both
electronic forms (ASCII, PostScript, and PDF) and printed form at The prices are set by ISO.

A Russian translation of the old Fortran 90 standard (translator
S.G.Drobyshevich) is available: Alla Gorelik (

The HPF 2.0 document is available as


This information is compiled on a 'best-effort' basis and is without
prejudice. It may be freely copied and disseminated. Corrections and
additions are solicited.

               Mike Metcalf

Version of 20 May, 1999 (the penultimate year of the millennium)

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